A summary of biodiversity

Etymology[ edit ] The term biological diversity was used first by wildlife scientist and conservationist Raymond F.

A summary of biodiversity

Screening of Organisms The screening of plants, animals, fungi, and microorganisms for features of potential human benefit should be systematized and accelerated through strengthened programs.

Screening allows us to determine more systematically the present and potential uses of organisms for appropriate human purposes.

The national biological inventories recommended above should provide both screening opportunities for new natural products and rational methodologies for using materials derived from them.

1 What is biodiversity?

Monitoring To detect, measure, and assess changes in the status of biological diversity, appropriate monitoring methods, employing specific indicators of biodiversity attributes, should be implemented.

Inventory, survey, and screening efforts must be complemented by the development and implementation of methods to track the continually changing status of biological diversity.

These monitoring efforts should not be undertaken as separate activities, but integrated into the other recommended activities. Conservation Research To advance our understanding of successful conservation strategies and methods, the following actions are needed.

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Site-Specific Research To advance the understanding of ecosystem composition, structure, and function; to use this knowledge to link basic and applied research, sustainable land use and development, and the conservation of biological diversity; and to provide baseline data for environmental monitoring, long-term ecological research should be supported at selected sites in developing nations.

Progress toward truly sustainable land use systems requires information on the effect of management options on the ecosystem dynamics, and this information can be gained only through long-term research.

Long-term ecological research is especially necessary in the tropical ecosystems of the developing world, where few comprehensive investigations have been undertaken.

Page 4 Share Cite Suggested Citation: A Research Agenda for Development Agencies. The National Academies Press. The implementation of conservation strategies in developing nations, particularly the establishment of biological reserves and parks, presents an opportunity to test the sustainability of conservation concepts and practices.

Most of these originated in developed nations of the Temperate Zones, where human population pressures are much lighter than in the tropics, and where ecosystems are generally less diverse.

Testing and comparing conservation methodologies may enable us to elucidate principles that can be more widely applied. Sustainable Use of Biological Resources Research should be conducted on strategies for the sustainable use of biological diversity and for returning something of the value of biodiversity to developing countries.

Sustainable use implies that current human needs should be met without degrading the resource base for future generations. Although many strategies for accomplishing this have been advanced, few have undergone scientific scrutiny. Substantive research results are needed to guide policymakers in choosing among them.

Restoring and Utilizing Degraded Lands Increased support should be given to research on the restoration and utilization of degraded lands and ecosystems in developing countries. Restoration of degraded lands, although practiced on a small scale for a number of years in some developed nations, is a relatively new area of emphasis in most developing countries.Nagoya – Kuala Lumpur Supplementary Protocol on Liability and Redress.

Key Protocol Issues. Assessment and Review; Capacity Building; Compliance. Biodiversity provides for variety of foods for the planet.

A summary of biodiversity

Biodiversity and human health: The shortage of drinking water is expected to create a major global crisis. Biodiversity also plays an important role in drug discovery and medicinal resources. Biodiversity banking places a monetary value on biodiversity.

One example is the Australian Native Vegetation Management Framework. Gene banks are collections of specimens and genetic material.

Executive Summary

# Summary Biodiversity and conservation 1 All living organisms may be classified into one of the five kingdoms: prokaryotes, protoctists, fungi, plants and animals. 2 Biodiversity includes the range of habitats (environments) and species in an area, and the genetic diversity within a species.

This document provides a summary of the guidance document Biodiversity and ecosystem services timberdesignmag.com delivers key recommendations and outlines the guidance for the management of biodiversity and ecosystem services (BES) impacts, dependencies, risks and opportunities in the oil and gas sector.

Summary of Topic - biodiversity in ecosystems 1. Topic 4 Conservation and Biodiversity Biodiversity in Ecosystems 2. Biodiversity • Coined by Edward Wilson in the s • It is the number and relative abundance of species in a defined area • It can be measured in terms of: – 1.

Species diversity – 2.

Biodiversity and ecosystem services fundamentals: A summary | IPIECA