Jay The Stanley Kubrick film,
Plot summary[ edit ] An ancient and unseen alien race uses a device with the appearance of a large crystalline monolith to investigate worlds across the galaxy and, if possible, to encourage the development of intelligent life.
The book shows one such monolith appearing in ancient Africa, 3 million years B. The ape-men use their tools to kill animals and eat meat, ending their starvation. They then use the tools to kill a leopard preying on them; the next day, the main ape character, Moon-Watcher, uses a club to kill the leader of a rival tribe.
The book suggests that the monolith was instrumental in awakening intelligence. In ADDr. Excavation has revealed a large black slab, precisely fashioned to a ratio of 1: Visiting TMA-1, Floyd and others arrive just as sunlight falls upon it for the first time since it was uncovered; it emits a piercing radio transmission which the scientists determine is directed at one of the moons of Saturn, Japetus Iapetus.
David Bowman and Dr.
Frank Poole are the only conscious humans aboard; their three colleagues are in suspended animationto be awakened near Saturn. The HALan artificially intelligent computer, addressed as "Hal", maintains the ship.
While Poole is receiving a birthday message from his family on Earth, Hal tells Bowman that the AE communication unit of the ship is going to malfunction. Poole takes one of the extra-vehicular pods and swaps the AE unit; but when Bowman conducts tests on the removed AE unit, he determines that there was never anything wrong with it.
In communicating with Earth, Poole and Bowman are directed to disconnect Hal for analysis. These instructions are interrupted as the signal is broken, and Hal informs them that the AE unit has malfunctioned.
As Poole is removing the unit he is killed when his pod accelerates into him, crushing him. Bowman threatens to disconnect him if his orders are not obeyed, and Hal relents.
He then learns that his mission is to explore Iapetus in the hope of contacting the society that buried the monolith on the Moon. Bowman learns that Hal had begun to feel guilty at keeping the purpose of the mission from him and Poole, against his stated mission of gathering information and reporting it fully; and when threatened with disconnection, he panicked and defended himself out of a belief that his very existence was at stake, having no concept of sleep.
Bowman spends months on the ship alone, slowly approaching Iapetus. During his approach, he gradually notices a small black spot on the surface of Iapetus, and later finds it identical in shape to TMA-1, only much larger.
The scientists on Earth name this monolith "TMA-2", which Bowman identifies as a double misnomer because it is not in the Tycho crater and gives off no magnetic anomaly. Before he vanishes, Mission Control hears him proclaim: The Star Child then returns to Earth, where he detonates an orbiting nuclear warhead.
This is not discussed again until the sequel to the book, Themes[ edit ] Perils of technology A Space Odyssey explores technological advancement: The HAL computer puts forward the troubles that can crop up when man builds machines, the inner workings of which he does not fully comprehend and therefore cannot fully control.
Perils of nuclear war The book explores the perils related to the atomic age.
In this novel, the Cold War is apparently still on, and at the end of the book one side has nuclear weapons above the earth on an orbital platform. To test its abilities, the Star Child detonates an orbiting warhead at the end of the novel, creating a false dawn below for the people on earth.
Clarke, however, retained and clearly stated this fact in the novel. The story follows the growth of human civilization from primitive man-ape. Distinctively, Space Odyssey is concerned about not only the evolution that has led to the development of humanity, but also the evolution that humanity might undergo in the future.
Hence, we follow Bowman as he is turned into a Star Child. The novel acknowledges that evolutionary theory entails that humanity is not the end, but only a step in the process. One way this process might continue, the book imagines, is that humans will learn to move to robot bodies and eventually rid themselves of a physical form altogether.A Space Odyssey is a novel by Arthur C.
Clarke that was first published in David Bowman and Frank Poole were the conscious human beings aboard the Discovery space mission to Saturn.
Three of their colleagues were hibernating, to be woken when they approached Saturn. Additionally, Hal, an artificially intelligent computer maintained the ship and was an active part of life aboard. A Space Odyssey is a science fiction novel by British writer Arthur C.
timberdesignmag.com was developed concurrently with Stanley Kubrick's film version and published after the release of the film. Clarke and Kubrick worked on the book together, but eventually only Clarke ended up . Arthur C.
Clarke published A Space Odyssey in The novel is based on 'The Sentinel,' a short story Clarke had previously published.
The novel is based on 'The Sentinel,' a short story Clarke had previously published. If you know about Arthur C. Clarke and Kubrick’s other films, it becomes clear why this is so. But to In the first scene, we see an astronomical alignment, that, as I will seek to show, is ultimately of astrological import.
Die Netflix-Serie „13 Reasons Why“ („Tote Mädchen lügen nicht“) basiert auf dem gleichnamigen Young-Adult-Roman von Schriftsteller Jay Asher.