After four generations, the following results were obtained. Higher Education professionals play a key role developing AP courses and exams, setting credit and placement policies, and scoring student work. This chart shows recommended scores for granting credit, and how much credit should be awarded, for each AP course. For example, if a question asks you to describe mutualism, the grader is going to look for a definition of mutualism to award a point, and then an elaboration of mutualism, like an example, to give an additional point.
Account for the differences in oxygen consumption observed between: Explain why each of these features is necessary. State the conclusions reached by Mendel in his work on the inheritance of characteristics. Explain how each of the following deviates from these conclusions.
Experiments by the following scientists provided critical information concerning DNA. Describe each classical experiment and indicate how it provided evidence for the chemical nature of the gene. Explain how the events of meiosis I account for the observations that led Mendel to formulate these laws.
An organism is heterozygous at two genetic loci on different chromosomes. Explain how these alleles are transmitted by the process of mitosis to daughter cells. Explain how these alleles are distributed by the process of meiosis to gametes.
Labeled diagrams that are explained in your answer may be useful. A portion of specific DNA molecule consists of the following sequence of nucleotide triplets. What would be the effect of a deletion or an addition in one of the DNA nucleotides?
What would be the effects of a substitution in one of the nucleotides? Describe the operon hypothesis and discuss how it explains the control of messenger RNA production and the regulation of protein synthesis in bacterial cells.
Explain how DNA meets each of the three criteria stated above. Select one of the criteria stated above and describe experimental evidence used to determine that DNA is the hereditary material.
Describe the biochemical composition, structure, and replication of DNA. Discuss how recombinant DNA techniques may be used to correct a point mutation. Describe the production and processing of a protein that will be exported from a eukaryotic cell.
Begin with the separation of the messenger RNA from the DNA template and end with the release of the protein at the plasma membrane. Describe the steps of protein synthesis, beginning with the attachment of a messenger RNA molecule to the small subunit of a ribosome and ending generalized with the release of the polypeptide from the ribosome.
Include in your answer a discussion of how the different types of RNA function in this process. The diagram below shows a segment of DNA with a total length of 4, base pairs.
The arrows indicate reaction sites for two restriction enzymes enzyme X and enzyme Y. Explain how the principles of gel electrophoresis allow for the separation of DNA fragments. Describe the results you would expect from the electrophoresis separation of fragments from the following treatments of the DNA segment above.
Assume that the digestions occurred under appropriate conditions and went to completion. The mechanism of action of restriction enzymes.
The different results you would expect if a mutation occurred at the recognition site for enzyme Y. By using the techniques of genetic engineering, scientists are able to modify genetic materials so that a particular gene of interest from one cell can be incorporated into a different cell.
Describe a procedure by which this can be done.
Explain the purpose of each step of your procedure. Describe how you could determine whether the gene was successfully incorporated.
Describe an example of how gene transfer and incorporation have been used in biomedical or commercial applications. Assume that a particular genetic condition in a mammalian species causes an inability to digest starch.
This disorder occurs with equal frequency in males and females. In most cases, neither parent of affected offspring has the condition. Describe the most probable pattern of inheritance for this condition.
Include in your discussion a sample cross es sufficient to verify your proposed pattern. Explain how a mutation could cause this inability to digest starch. Describe how modern techniques of molecular biology could be used to determine whether the mutant allele is present in a given individual.
Unit 7 Evolution, Population Genetics, Speciation Describe the special relationship between the two terms in each of the following pairs.The Largest Course Launch in AP's History.
Learn about AP's new course Computer Science Principles, which launched in over 2, schools last fall. AP Biology Free-Response Questions Free-Response Questions from the AP Biology Exam 2/14/ AM. Huntington 08 09 ACT CRITERIA FOR 6 ESSAYS YES OR NO? Takes and articulates a perspective on an issue: YES: Maintains a clear focus The major in Accounting at UGA is designed to give students an understanding of the theory of accounting as it is used in our society: accounting standards.
financial USATestprep . LIKE CLASS NOTES—ONLY BETTER. The Princeton Review's ASAP Biology is designed to help you zero in on just the information you need to know to successfully grapple with the AP test.
Advanced Placement exams require students to have a firm grasp of content—you can't bluff or even logic your way to a 5. AP Biology Essay Questions The following is a comprehensive list comparison contrast essay parenting of essay questions that have been asked on past AP exams.
The questions previous ap biology essays are organized according to essay peter singer famine affluence morality . Sep 18, · News Calculated the past ap biology essay questions by topic Best High Schools Rankings.