British Dictionary definitions for structure structure a complex construction or entity the arrangement and interrelationship of parts in a construction, such as a building the manner of construction or organizationthe structure of society biology morphology; form chem the arrangement of atoms in a molecule of a chemical compoundthe structure of benzene geology the way in which a mineral, rock, rock mass or stratum, etc, is made up of its component parts rare the act of constructing Show More tr to impart a structure to Show More Word Origin for structure C
A Definition of Peer Coaching Summary and Suggestions This chapter defines peer coaching and addresses the objection that often surfaces in reaction to the word coach. Various types of peer coaching activities are discussed, and three approaches to peer coaching are explained. If you are using this chapter as part of a workshop, after presenting the definition, consider asking participants to respond to the following question: Examining desired outcomes and naming the program serve to build ownership and commitment.
Peer coaching is a confidential process through which two or more professional colleagues work together to reflect on current practices; expand, refine, and build new skills; share ideas; teach one another; conduct classroom research; or solve problems in the workplace.
Although peer coaching seems to be the most prominent label for this type of activity, a variety of other names are used in schools: These other names seem to have evolved, in some cases, out of teacher discomfort with the term coaching.
Some claim the word coaching implies that one person in the collaborative relationship has a different status.
This discomfort is to be expected because the label may imply to some an inequality among colleagues that is inconsistent with the historical norm of a nonhierarchical structure within the teaching ranks.
Teachers have the same classroom space, number of students, and requirements. Regardless of how coaching relationships are labeled, they all focus on the collaborative development, refinement, and sharing of craft knowledge.
Peer coaching has nothing to do with evaluation. Several school systems have supported peer coaching as a way to increase feedback about instruction and curriculum. Some peer coaching involves two or more colleagues working together around the shared observation of teaching.
In this instance, there is generally a pre-conference, an observation, and a post-conference. This approach will be discussed in detail in Chapter 4. Other types of peer coaching might involve a pair or a team of teachers co-planning a lesson or curriculum unit.
Still other types might involve problem solving, videotape analysis, or study groups. Some coaching may occur between an expert and a novice or between experienced and less-experienced teachers.
Shulman suggests still another approach in which teachers share stories about teaching experiences. This approach conceptualizes teaching as a narrative act and provides a nonthreatening way for teachers to share pedagogical knowledge.
For example, within a small group of teachers, one teacher discussed how she explained to students why certain elements on the periodic table are called noble elements.
Another teacher recalled a story of how nobility tend not to mix with other social groups. Other teachers have used the peer coaching process to conduct action research.
In this situation, a teacher formulates a set of hypotheses about classroom practices and develops a plan to test them by asking a colleague to observe and take notes.
Later, the colleagues discuss and analyze the data. Some teachers have kept reflective journals of their findings over time.
When Talk Walking is used in a workshop, it can help teachers integrate new learnings with existing classroom practices.Compensation structure definition.
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How to Plan and Implement a Peer Coaching Program.
by Pam Robbins. Table of Contents. Chapter 1. A Definition of Peer Coaching Summary and Suggestions. The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 75, lessons in math, English, science, history, and more.
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