Economic Well-Being According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, more than half of fathers in state prison report being the primary breadwinner in their family Glaze and Maruschak,
Posted on December 3, by Scott Alexander I. Ezra Klein uses my analysis of race and justice as a starting point to offer a thoughtful and intelligent discussion of what exactly it means to control for something in a study.
If blacks on average have lower incomes, then in the real world blacks might still be arrested much more. The solution is terminological rigor, which I foolishly forgot to have. Klein wants to know whether there is any factor at all that causes disproportionate impact of the criminal justice system on any race.
By this definition, my conclusions are only a tiny part of the picture, although at the end I recommend the book Malign Neglect which provides much of the rest.
What I think we do disagree about is the terminology. Consider a town with black people and white people. We can do the calculations and determine that the black arrest rate will be 8. The people in the town can do the calculations as well.
They correctly observe that in their town, everyone commits crimes at the same rate, so there must be some bias in their system. The problem is, upon learning that your criminal justice system is racist, what solutions come to mind? The ones I think of include things like increasing the diversity of the officer pool, sending police to diversity training, ferreting out racist attitudes and comments among members of the force, urging officers to consume media that is more positive towards black people, et cetera.
But all of these are unrelated to the problem and will accomplish nothing. We specified the decision algorithm these officers use, and we know it has nothing to do with race and everything to do with class. Note that this is true even if the poverty is caused by racism. Suppose the town college unfairly admits whites and turns down blacks, which is why the white people in this town are so much richer.
But if the natural reaction to hearing the phrase is to solve the problem by attaching hundreds of helium balloons to black people, then say something less misleading. Klein goes on to say: As my colleague Matt Yglesias wrote, the commonly cited statistic that American women suffer from a 23 percent wage gap through which they make just 77 cents for every dollar a man earns is much too simplistic.
On the other hand, the frequently heard conservative counterargument that we should subject this raw wage gap to a massive list of statistical controls until it nearly vanishes is an enormous oversimplification in the opposite direction. After all, for many purposes gender is itself a standard demographic control to add to studies — and when you control for gender the wage gap disappears entirely!
Take hours worked, which is a standard control in some of the more sophisticated wage gap studies. Women tend to work fewer hours than men. If you control for hours worked, then some of the gender wage gap vanishes. Women work shorter hours because as a society we hold women to a higher standard of housekeeping, and because they tend to be assigned the bulk of childcare responsibilities.
The American Association of University Women urges companies to conduct salary audits to proactively monitor and address gender-based pay differences. With a new executive order issued today, President Obama and Democrats are hoping to peg the gender wage gap as a major issue ahead of the elections.
It might be worthwhile to come at this from an ideologically opposite angle. It sounds like a big problem. So you dig through mountains of data, and you figure out that most feminist professors tend to be in subjects like the humanities, where twice as many students are female as male, and so naturally twice as many of the As go to women as men.
Especially if colleges have already vowed to stop hiring feminist professors in response to the subsequent outrage. Especially especially if you know I am a cultural conservative activist whose goal has always been to make colleges stop hiring feminist professors, by hook or by crook.Dear Erin, I am so sorry to read this post, but I understand.
I think you’re right: we should mourn our & your loss. I too am sorry we won’t have you as a colleague in the way we had hoped, but I think that if you’re unable or unwilling to keep VAPing or adjuncting, then moving on is the best way forward.
Tom died about , but of him came many sons, and one, Jack, who helped in the War of Of Jack and his wife, Violet, was born a mighty family, splendidly named: Harlow and Ira, Cloë, Lucinda, Maria, and Othello!
Apr 25, · Cause and Effect Essay Topics. Updated on April 10, Virginia Kearney. What the effect has China's one child had on family relationships?
How will the new two child policy change family dynamics? so these topics make writers to write a good essay more about cause and effect. Robbert Dillard. 8 months ago. This is Reviews: Nov 21, · Get the latest headlines on Wall Street and international economies, money news, personal finance, the stock market indexes including Dow Jones, NASDAQ, and more.
If you have a court order and the mother refuses to hand over the child, you need to point out that she is breaking a court order and if she still refuses, you need to consider applying to the court for enforcement of the order. Shooting The Odds: Dr. Shipko is a psychiatrist in private practice in Pasadena, CA and author of Surviving Panic Disorder and Xanax timberdesignmag.com from his clinical experience, his blog concerns adverse effects of SSRI antidepressants, particularly withdrawal related effects.