This can be especially true in rehabilitation settings, in which patients are transitioning out of being cared for by physicians and nurses and back home to exclusive self-care. In these cases, the Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory can be applied to help patients be more independent and prepare to be released from the healthcare facility where they are being cared for. Biography of Dorothea E. Orem was born in in Baltimore, Maryland.
Orem theorizes that individuals will initiate and perform their own self-care activities on a regular basis so that their overall health and well-being can be maximized. It is only when an individual can no longer care for themselves that they will seek out professional care from a provider, such as a nurse.
This means nursing is more of a reactive than proactive action in the eyes of Orem. Only when a person cannot care continuously for themselves is it appropriate for a nurse to provide assistance.
By acting on a health issue immediately while providing services for others. Guiding others in the actions necessary to provide care. Supporting other nurses and supporting patients in providing and maintain care needs.
Continuously providing an environment which promotes personal development instead of nursing reliance. Teaching one another to enhance skill-building at all levels of the nursing spectrum. People are supposed to be self-reliant, responsible for their personal care and anyone else in their family who may be in need of care.
Each person is a distinct individual. One of the most important components of prevention and the removal of ill health at the primary care level is to successfully meet developmental and universal self-care requisites.
The knowledge an individual has about their potential health issues is a necessary component of any self-care behaviors they may be able to implement. Self-care and dependent care are both learned behaviors within the context of a socio-cultural element. These assumptions are based on the idea that everyone at their core level has a desire to perform the basics of universal self-care.
Sometimes referred to as the activities of daily living, or ADLs, these are the life processes of self-care that everyone can perform at some level. This includes being able to access air, food, and water resources when necessary. It also includes a provision of care when elimination processes need to be implemented.
People will seek out a balance between rest and activity, solitude and social interaction, or work and play. They will avoid any hazards that may put their life at risk while promoting the mechanisms of human functioning.
Deviation occurs when these actions cannot be taken independently. Nurses, if they are able to recognize the deviation and why it has occurred, may be able to fill-in the deficit that has occurred so an individual can restore their own self-care.
This may mean a nurse must provide the ADLs an individual requires until they are able to restore their own self-care. It also means that for some individuals, long-term total care may also be required because there is a chronic deficit that has been identified.
The second step in this theory has the nurse designing a system that will be at least partially compensatory or supportive in the education of the patient. This is done through an organization of the components an individual would need to perform effective future self-care and then selecting the correct combination of methods to create a treatment plan.
The overall goal is for an individual to overcome any current self-care deficits.Analysis and application of Dorothea Orem’s Self-care Practuce Model. Retrieved October 31, George B. Julia, Nursing Theories- The base for professional Nursing Practice, 3rd ed.
Norwalk, Appleton & Lange. This is a concept analysis of one the above concepts in nursing theory, I would like to chose pain or self care. The writer already use Dorothea Orem's self care theory so that would be preferred. The self-care theory has added to nursing knowledge and has created new hypotheses in nursing through research (Dorothea Orem’s self-care theory, ).
This theory can easily be explained by a model and described in general terms. Dorothea Orem’s Self-Care Deficit Theory Jennifer Miller June 21, Knowledge Development in Nursing Introduction to Theory In , Dorothea Orem made a connection between nursing and self-care in which she developed a theory called the self-care nursing theory.
The Self-Care Deficit Theory developed as a result of Dorothea E. Orem working toward her goal of improving the quality of nursing in general hospitals in her state.
The model interrelates concepts in such a way as to create a different way of looking at a particular phenomenon. The Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory, also known as the Orem Model of Nursing, was developed by Dorothea Orem between and It is considered a grand nursing theory, which means the theory covers a broad scope with general concepts that can be applied to all instances of nursing.