Under deontology, an act may be considered right even if the act produces a bad consequence,  if it follows the rule or moral law. According to the deontological view, people have a duty to act in a way that does those things that are inherently good as acts "truth-telling" for exampleor follow an objectively obligatory rule as in rule utilitarianism.
What do you know, and who will you tell? The confidential relationship between mental health professionals and their clients has long stood as a cornerstone of the helping relationship. Effective psychotherapy…depends upon an atmosphere of confidence and trust in which the patient is willing to make a frank and complete disclosure of facts, emotions, memories, and fears.
Because of the sensitive nature of the problems for which individuals consult psychotherapists, disclosure of confidential communications made during counseling sessions may cause embarrassment or disgrace.
For this reason, the mere possibility of disclosure may impede development of the confidential relationship necessary for successful treatment. Jaffe v Redmond, The changing nature of societal demands and information technologies have led many to express concerns about the traditional meaning of confidentiality in mental health practice and even whether true privacy exists any more.
Material in this online course has been adapted from Ethics in Psychology and the Mental Health Professions: Standards and Cases 4th Editionpublished by Oxford University Press, and additional new material has been added. Koocher and Patricia Keith-Spiegel, all rights reserved.
Please note that all case material has been drawn from public records or the experience of the authors. Public cases are documented with media or legal citations.
Other cases use intentionally humorous names and disguised details to protect the privacy of those involved. Thomas Eagleton, a United States Senator from Missouri, was dropped as George McGovern's vice presidential running mate in when it was disclosed that he had previously been hospitalized for the treatment of depression Post, Disclosures of confidential information received by therapists also played prominently in the press during the well-publicized murder trials of the Menendez brothers Scott, and O.
Jerome Oziel, contributed to their conviction. Subsequently, that same therapist drew disciplinary sanctions from the California licensing board because of that confidentiality violation. Consider the following actual cases. Hunt, Susan J. Forward, a clinical social worker who had held two sessions with Ms.
Simpson inmade unsolicited disclosures regarding her deceased former client. Forward commented in public that Ms. Simpson had allegedly reported experiencing abuse at the hands of O. Mendoza, who represented the board, commented, "Therapy is based on privacy and secrecy, and a breach of confidentiality destroys the therapeutic relationship" Associated Press, Mendoza also noted that Ms.
Forward had falsely represented herself as a psychologist in television interviews.Ethical Checklist: Circle the appropriate answer on the scale; "1" = not at all; "5" = totally yes: 1. Relevant Information Test. Have I/we obtained as much information as possible to make an informed decision and action plan for this situation?
Ethical Dilemmas, Cases, and Case Studies Good discussions on ethics are often driven by situations that challenge our abilities to determine the right thing to do, carry out effective ethical action, or lay out an effective strategy for avoiding ethical .
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