By Michael Alpert Students in a history classroom.
Protohistory The history of the world is the memory of the past experience of Homo sapiens sapiens around the world, as that experience has been preserved, largely in written records.
By "prehistory", historians mean the recovery of knowledge of the past in an area where no written records exist, or where the writing of a culture is not understood.
By studying History project topics, drawings, carvings, and other artifacts, some information can be recovered even in the absence of a written record. Since the 20th century, the study of prehistory is considered essential to avoid history's implicit exclusion of certain civilizations, such as those of Sub-Saharan Africa and pre-Columbian America.
Historians in the West have been criticized for focusing disproportionately on the Western world. The line of demarcation between prehistoric and historical times is crossed when people cease to live only in the present, and become consciously interested both in their past and in their future.
History begins with the handing down of tradition; and tradition means the carrying of the habits and lessons of the past into the future. Records of the past begin to be kept for the benefit of future generations. Historiography The title page to La Historia d'Italia Historiography has a number of related meanings.
Firstly, it can refer to how history has been produced: Secondly, it can refer to what has been produced: Thirdly, it may refer to why history is produced: As a meta-level analysis of descriptions of the past, this third conception can relate to the first two in that the analysis usually focuses on the narratives, interpretations, world viewuse of evidence, or method of presentation of other historians.
Professional historians also debate the question of whether history can be taught as a single coherent narrative or a series of competing narratives. Or the nation state? Are there broad patterns and progress? Is human history random and devoid of any meaning? This section does not cite any sources.
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January Learn how and when to remove this template message Philosophy of history is a branch of philosophy concerning the eventual significance, if any, of human history. Furthermore, it speculates as to a possible teleological end to its development—that is, it asks if there is a design, purpose, directive principle, or finality in the processes of human history.
Philosophy of history should not be confused with historiography, which is the study of history as an academic discipline, and thus concerns its methods and practices, and its development as a discipline over time. Nor should philosophy of history be confused with the history of philosophywhich is the study of the development of philosophical ideas through time.
Historical methods A depiction of the ancient Library of Alexandria Historical method basics The following questions are used by historians in modern work. When was the source, written or unwritten, produced date?
Where was it produced localization? By whom was it produced authorship? From what pre-existing material was it produced analysis?© McHaBu The History of Us® and The History of the World® are registred trademarks The History of Us® and The History of the World® are registred trademarks.
History (from Greek ἱστορία, historia, meaning "inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation") is the study of the past as it is described in written documents. Events occurring before written record are considered timberdesignmag.com is an umbrella term that relates to past events as well as the memory, discovery, collection, organization, presentation, and interpretation of information.
Historiography is the study of the methods of historians in developing history as an academic discipline, and by extension is any body of historical work on a particular subject.
The historiography of a specific topic covers how historians have studied that topic using particular sources, techniques, and . The New Deal was a series of programs and projects instituted during the Great Depression by President Franklin D.
Roosevelt that aimed to restore prosperity to Americans. When Roosevelt took. The Cold War International History Project supports the full and prompt release of historical materials by governments on all sides of the Cold War, and seeks to accelerate the process of integrating new sources, materials and perspectives from the former "Communist bloc" with .
World History Project Topics Ancient Discoveries of China, or Egypt, or Mesoamerica, or India, or any other civilization Weapons of an ancient.