A Basic Misunderstanding of Multiculturalism in the Helping Professions References Introduction In my multicultural competencies course for graduate students, I used to start the course by asking my students a simple question. As a multiculturally competent supervisor, I can usually tease out the subtle biases and value systems of other professionals and link my observations to supervision. We discuss these issues and understand the larger issues premising the need for competencies. So for we helping professionals, there is a difference between a helping professional who is culturally competent and one who is not.
In terms of these two typologies, externally motivated explanations of generalized family violence, for example, are represented not exclusively by the disciplines of social-psychology, social anthropology, and sociology.
These explanations of violence as well as of aggression, vulnerability, and risk stress the importance of structural-functionalism and the processes of socialization. As categorized above, these explanations of violence are most commonly expressed by sociobiological, social learning, subcultural, and patriarchal theories.
Honouring the Truth, Reconciling for the Future Summary of the Final Report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada. This web version of the Report is an unofficial plain-text extract of the original(PDF, 14MB) published by the The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada.. It is aimed at making the Report more accessible. Standards Main Page Executive Summary Preface Introduction Thematic Strands. CULTURE. Social studies programs should include experiences that provide for the study of culture and cultural diversity. SHRM released the results of its “Intergenerational Conflict in the Workplace” poll as the May edition of the Society’s HR Magazine published a cover story about the multigenerational.
The sociobiological theories are used to explain rape, child abuse, infanticide, and other forms of domestic violence Alexander ; Daly and Wilson ; and Lightcap, Kurland, and Burgess These explanations of intimate violence are based on the inclusive fitness theory which postulates that individuals will behave in ways to increase the probability that their genes will be transmitted to future generations.
There are, indeed, associations between cases of child abuse and paternal uncertainty, handicapped or stepchild status, and among poor families when the allocations of limited resources require the hierarchal ranking of offspring.
By contrast, the social learning or sociocultural theories of violence, of which the subcultural and patriarchal theories are simply a variation of, are less about nature than they are about nurture.
Or the situational factors like alcohol or drug abuse, financial problems, or marital infidelity accommodate exercises in aggression and violence. Probably, the most familiar of these social learning theories is the intergenerational transmission of family violence explanation which contends that people who have witnessed or suffered physical family violence when growing up have a greater likelihood of living in a violent domestic situation later on in life.
There are also associations between those people who have been sexually abused, especially boys, becoming sexually abusing teenagers and adults Straus, Gelles, and Steinmetz ; Pagelow ; Groth ; Kaufman and Zigler These theories argue both in the past and present, but less so today, that the unequal distribution of power between the sexes has resulted in societies that have been dominated by men and that most women occupy subordinate positions of power, increasing their vulnerability to violence, especially within the family Martin ; Dobash and Dobash Externally constrained explanations of generalized family violence are represented not exclusively by anthropologists, sociologists, and economists Berreman ; Lenski and Lenski ; Pryor The argument assumes that: In simpler and less technologically advanced societies, independence and self-reliance are encouraged in youngsters.
This also means less adult supervision, more individual freedom, and therefore less demand for obedience and submission and fewer occasions for punishment. Instead, in complex, advanced, and hierarchical societies, compliance and obedience are the preferred traits.
One had only to think of an industrial assembly line or of a large legal firm working on an important case to realize the pressure toward unquestioning acceptance of assignments and directions along rank lines Viano The two other externally constrained explanations of family violence are of a negative kind.
That is to say, exchange theory is essentially a cost-benefit analysis of violence. Similarly, the resource theory argues that the family member with the most power or aggregate value of resources e. Like exchange theory, resource theory views violence in the nuclear family as a product of a lack of external constraints.
Internally motivated explanations of generalized family violence are represented not exclusively by the fields of psychology, psychoanalysis, psychiatry, physiology, and biology.
These explanations of family and domestic violence range widely in scope.
Some of these explanations of violence may include those favoring: All of these explanations despite their differences, share in common the attempt to account for personality dynamics and psychopathology that are unique to violent assailants. Moving in a more inclusive direction, then, are the four other explanations of violence.
Three of these consider two cells and one considers three cells from the typology of interpersonal violence. Each of these theories—pathological conflict, ecological, inequality, and general systems—is an improvement over the one-dimensional ad hoc theories of violence already discussed.
Pathological or social conflict theories are not exclusively represented by social psychologists, cultural anthropologists, and sociologists.
Pathological or emotional conflict in the forms of aggression and violence occur, whether individual or collective, when unacknowledged humiliation, dissociation, or depression is transformed into reactive anger and rage Retzinger ; Gilligan Ecological theories are not exclusively represented by such disciplines as mental health, social work, ecology, sociology, and criminology.
These explanations of aggression are sensitive to social milieus such as neighborhood context, social support networks, poverty, and value systems that may coalesce to breakdown the external constraints to violence while simultaneously legitimating the external motivations to violence.
For example, child abuse has been associated with the isolation of the nuclear family in contemporary advanced societies, on the one hand, and with the associated rationales for using violence against children, on the other hand Garbarino Inequality theories are advanced by virtually all of the disciplines of the behavioral and social sciences.
These explanations of aggression and violence are related to the differential ways in which inequalities, privileges, hierarchies, discriminations, and oppressions, on the one hand, externally motivate some people to abuse, exploit, and generally take advantage of those labeled as socially inferior and, on the other hand, internally motivate those persons subject to the labels of inferiority to resist and rebel violently against their statuses.CONTEXT: Parent-child book reading (PCBR) is effective at improving young children’s language, literacy, brain, and cognitive development.
The psychosocial effects of PCBR interventions are unclear. In terms of these two typologies, externally motivated explanations of generalized family violence, for example, are represented not exclusively by the disciplines of social-psychology, social anthropology, and sociology.
These explanations of violence as well as of aggression, vulnerability, and risk stress the importance of structural-functionalism and the processes of socialization. Generational diversity is a growing phenomenon in contemporary business environments.
In fact, “the largest diversity of generations is represented in today's workplace than at any other time in. JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary sources.
Working today often means joining a team with a range of ages. A millennial may manage you, but you may still work with Generation Xers and baby boomers. As more boomers work past retirement age.
HR - This class is intended to help new and existing users get up to speed quickly using Word (). In class, the basics of the interface, printing, text formatting will be covered.