Rafael trujillos dictatorship in the dominican republic

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Rafael trujillos dictatorship in the dominican republic

An upswing in the price of export commodities, combined with increased government borrowing, buoyed the economy. Public works projects proliferated. Santo Domingo expanded and modernized. This brief period of progress, however, ended in the resurgent maelstrom of Dominican political instability.

The man who would come to occupy the eye of this political cyclone was Rafael Trujillo.

THE ERA OF TRUJILLO

Once the president had demonstrated his willingness to disregard constitutional procedures in the pursuit of power, some ambitious opponents decided that those procedures were no longer binding.

Dominican politics returned to their pre-occupation status; the struggle among competing caudillos resumed. Trujillo occupied a strong position in this contest. He had enlisted in the National Police ina time when the upper-class Dominicans, who had formerly filled the officer corps, largely refused to collaborate with the occupying forces.

Rafael trujillos dictatorship in the dominican republic

Trujillo harbored no such scruples. He rose quickly in the officer corps, while at the same time he built a network of allies and supporters. Unlike the more idealistic North American sponsors of the constabulary, Trujillo saw the armed force not for what it should have been--an apolitical domestic security force--but for what it was: Having established his power base behind the scenes, Trujillo was ready by to assume control of the country.

Rafael Trujillo - Wikipedia

Having already struck a deal with Trujillo, Estrella marched on the capital; army forces remained in their barracks as Trujillo declared his "neutrality" in the situation. Estrella assumed the provisional presidency.

Part of the arrangement between Estrella and Trujillo apparently involved the army commander's candidacy for president in the May elections. As events unfolded, it became clear that Trujillo would be the only candidate that the army would permit to participate; army personnel harassed and intimidated electoral officials and eliminated potential opponents.

A dazed nation stood by as the new dictator announced his election with 95 percent of the vote. After his inauguration in August, and at his express request, the Congress issued an official proclamation announcing the commencement of "the Era of Trujillo.

He held the office of president from to and from to Although cast in the mold of old- time caudillos such as Santana and Heureaux, Trujillo surpassed them in efficiency, rapacity, and utter ruthlessness. Like Heureaux, he maintained a highly effective secret police force that monitored and eliminated, in some instances opponents both at home and abroad.

Like Santana, he relied on the military as his primary support. Armed forces personnel received generous pay and perquisites under his rule, and their ranks and equipment inventories expanded. Trujillo maintained control over the officer corps through fear, patronage, and the frequent rotation of assignments, which inhibited the development of strong personal followings.

The other leading beneficiaries of the dictatorship--aside from Trujillo himself and his family--were those who associated themselves with the regime both politically and economically.

Rafael trujillos dictatorship in the dominican republic

The establishment of state monopolies over all major enterprises in the country brought riches to the Trujillos and their cronies through the manipulation of prices and inventories as well as the outright embezzlement of funds.

Generally speaking, the quality of life improved for the average Dominican under Trujillo. Poverty persisted, but the economy expanded, the foreign debt disappeared, the currency remained stable, and the middle class expanded. Public works projects enhanced the road system and improved port facilities; airports and public buildings were constructed, the public education system grew, and illiteracy declined.

These advances might well have been achieved in even greater measure under a responsive democratic government, but to Dominicans, who had no experience with such a government, the results under Trujillo were impressive.

Although he never tested his personal popularity in a free election, some observers feel that Trujillo could have won a majority of the popular vote up until the final years of his dictatorship.

Ideologically, Trujillo leaned toward fascism. The trappings of his personality cult Santo Domingo was renamed Ciudad Trujillo under his rulethe size and architectural mediocrity of his building projects, and the level of repressive control exercised by the state all invited comparison with the style of his contemporaries, Hitler in Germany and Mussolini in Italy.

Basically, however, Trujillo was not an ideologue, but a Dominican caudillo expanded to monstrous proportions by his absolute control of the nation's resources. His attitude toward communism tended toward peaceful coexistence untilwhen the Cold War winds from Washington persuaded him to crack down and to outlaw the Dominican Communist Party Partido Comunista Dominicano--PCD.

As always, self-interest and the need to maintain his personal power guided Trujillo's actions. Although conspiracies--both real and imagined--against his rule preoccupied Trujillo throughout his reign, it was his adventurous foreign policy that drew the ire of other governments and led directly to his downfall.

Paradoxically, his most heinous action in this arena cost him the least in terms of influence and support.José is a predominantly Spanish and Portuguese form of the given name timberdesignmag.com spelled alike, this name is pronounced differently in each language: in Spanish, and in Portuguese (or)..

In French, the name José, pronounced, is an old vernacular form of Joseph, which is also in current usage as a given timberdesignmag.comé is also commonly used as part of masculine name composites, such as José.

Eleonore Juliette "Diyeta" Chevallier Moreau — Louise Moreau Rise to power[ edit ] Inthe United States occupied the Dominican Republic due to threats of defaulting on foreign debts.
Rafael Trujillo - Wikipedia Eleonore Juliette "Diyeta" Chevallier Moreau —
Dominican Republic - THE ERA OF TRUJILLO An upswing in the price of export commodities, combined with increased government borrowing, buoyed the economy. Public works projects proliferated.

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Dominican Republic Table of Contents. The Vásquez administration shines in Dominican history like a star amid a gathering storm. After the country's eight years of subjugation, Vásquez took care to respect the political and civil rights of the population.

Dominican Republic Table of Contents. The Vásquez administration shines in Dominican history like a star amid a gathering storm. After the country's eight years of subjugation, Vásquez took care to respect the political and civil rights of the population.

Dominican Republic - THE ERA OF TRUJILLO