Sir edmund barton the first prime

See Article History Sir Edmund Barton, born January 18,SydneyNew South Wales [now in Australia]—died January 7,Medlow, New South Wales, Australiastatesman who guided the Australian federation movement to a successful conclusion and became the first prime minister of the resulting commonwealth in Barton in entered the New South Wales Legislative Assemblywhere he served as speaker —87 ; he was attorney general in and — In he assumed leadership of the federation movement and, in the federal convention of that year, helped shape the draft that became the foundation for the eventual commonwealth constitution. The constitution bill passed the New South Wales assembly inand for the next four years Barton campaigned vigorously for its approval by the public.

Sir edmund barton the first prime

National Library of Australia, nla. Barton was certainly qualified for his new job. William was a secretary and accountant for an agricultural company, and later became a stockbroker.

Mary ran a school for girls. He went on to the University of Sydney, from which he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree inand a Master of Arts in He became a barrister in and set up a successful legal practice, joining the Sydney Mechanics Institute to learn the art of debating.

He married Jane Jeanie Mason Ross inand together they had six children. National Museum of Australia. Colonial politics Barton entered New South Wales colonial politics instanding unsuccessfully as a candidate for the University seat in the Legislative Assembly, but winning the seat in He switched to the Wellington seat inthen in to East Sydney, which he held until Barton was an appointed member of the Legislative Council from tothen regained East Sydney inheld it untiland lost it again.

He became a member of the Legislative Council again from toand was then re-elected to the Legislative Assembly for Hastings-Macleay, which he represented from to He held various positions while a member of colonial parliament, including Speaker of the Legislative Assembly —87, Attorney-General and —93, and Leader of the Opposition — Parkes had called for a strong central federal parliament.

At the first Federal Convention in March46 delegates from all six Australian colonies and New Zealand met in Sydney and produced a draft constitution bill.

When Parkes lost government in October he asked Barton, by now a convinced federalist, to take over the leadership of the federal movement. Barton worked tirelessly to promote federation through the formation of local branches of the Australasian Federal Leagues.

Sir edmund barton the first prime

From to he addressed meetings in New South Wales. In Januarythe premiers met in Hobart.

Macaulay, Fannie Caldwell

They agreed that enabling acts should be passed in colonial parliaments to allow for popular election of delegates, and for a referendum to approve a draft constitution. Barton topped the New South Wales poll to elect delegates to the second Federal Convention, gaining 75 per cent of the total votes.

Garnering support Barton and his supporters conducted a vigorous pro-federation campaign preceding the June referendum on federation. From April to Julya second referendum on federation was conducted in New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania and Victoria, each of which accepted an amended constitution by a larger majority than in June On 2 September that year, Queensland, voting for the first time, approved the bill.

Sir edmund barton the first prime

Barton led the Australian delegation to London in early to negotiate amendments to the Constitution Bill the UK government desired, and to oversee the safe passage of the Bill through the UK parliament.

Lyne, however, was a strong opponent of federation and no leading federationist would join a government he led. Lyne then advised Hopetoun to commission Barton, who formed the ministry.Select a different Surname Index Select a different Forename Index. The memorial is to be found on the top staircase of the Lord’s pavilion and takes the form of a nowy-headed wooden board with gold lettering that is accompanied by a framed print giving details of membership, date elected, date of death and place of burial.

. Edmund Barton Federation was Edmund Barton's 'one great thing'. One of the key architects of Australia's Constitution, Barton became the new nation's first Prime Minister at a grand ceremony in Centennial Park, Sydney, on 1 January Clarissa "Clara" Harlowe Barton was born on December 25, in North Oxford, Mass.

She was the youngest by ten years of five children of Capt. Stephen Barton and his wife, Sarah Stone Barton. + free ebooks online. Did you know that you can help us produce ebooks by proof-reading just one page a day? Go to: Distributed Proofreaders. Sir Barton (April 26, – October 30, ) was a chestnut Thoroughbred race horse who in became the first winner of what would come to be known as the American Triple Crown..

He was sired by the stallion Star Shoot out of the mare Lady Sterling, by Barton's paternal grandsire was the English Triple Crown champion, Isinglass. His half-brother was juvenile.

Fast facts - Edmund Barton - Fast facts - Australia's Prime Ministers