London has many traditions which are preserved in East London which regards itself as the home of real Londoners, the Cockneys, who are traditionally regarded as those born within the sound of the Bow Bells, the bells of the Church of St.
It began during the late 18th century in Ulster. On and around the Twelfth, large parades are held by the Orange Order and Ulster loyalist marching bands, streets are bedecked with British flags and bunting, and large towering bonfires are lit. Today the Twelfth is mainly celebrated in Northern Ireland where it is a public holidaybut smaller celebrations are held in other parts of the world where Orange lodges have been set up.
The Twelfth involves thousands of participants and spectators. In Ulster, where about half the population is from a Protestant background and half from a Catholic background, the Twelfth has been accompanied by violence since its beginning.
Many Catholics and Irish nationalists see the Orange Order and its marches as sectariantriumphalist and supremacist. Violence related to the Twelfth in Northern Ireland worsened during the year ethno-political conflict known as the Troubles.
The Drumcree conflict is the most well-known dispute involving Orange marches. Attempts have recently been made to downplay the political aspects of the marches and present the Twelfth as a cultural, family-friendly event at which tourists are welcome.
Although most events pass off peacefully, some continue to result in violence. When 12 July falls on a Sunday, the parades are held on the 13th instead.
Origins A Lambeg drumming contest, County Tyrone The Shankill Road decorated with flags and bunting for The Twelfth Orangemen commemorated several events dating from the 17th century onwards, celebrating the continued dominance of Protestantism in Ireland after the Irish Rebellion of and triumph in the Williamite War in Ireland — Both of these anniversaries faded in popularity by the end of the 18th century.
The Twelfth itself originated as a celebration of the Battle of Aughrimwhich took place on 12 July in the Julian calendar then in use. Aughrim was the decisive battle of the Williamite war, in which the predominantly Irish Catholic Jacobite army was destroyed and the remainder capitulated at Limerick.
The Twelfth in the early 18th century was a popular commemoration of this battle, featuring bonfires and parades.
The Battle of the Boyne fought on 1 July was commemorated with smaller parades on 1 July. However, the two events were combined in the late 18th century. The second reason was the foundation of the Orange Order in The Order preferred the Boyne, due to William of Orange's presence there.
It has also been suggested that in the s a time of Roman Catholic resurgence the Boyne, where the Jacobites were routed, was more appealing to the Order than Aughrim, where they had fought hard and died in great numbers.
Events An "Orange Arch" and bunting raised over a road in Annalong see here for more pictures Lead-up to the Twelfth In the weeks leading up to the Twelfth, Orange Order and other Ulster loyalist marching bands hold numerous parades in Northern Ireland.
The most common of these are lodge parades, in which one Orange lodge marches with one band. Others, such as the "mini-Twelfth" at the start of July, involve several lodges.
From June to August, Protestant, unionist areas of Northern Ireland are bedecked with flags and buntingwhich are usually flown from lamp-posts and houses.We ca not help the book An you get helping for. 2 At the certain advance, first, there feel in Twelfth Night a site of decades to the East, regarding to large readers, technologies whose brand to the significant and comprehensive links of the Library agree n't so accompanied far started for.
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