Bach came from a musical family since his father was a director of town musicians and several of his other relatives were musicians. He was the eighth child of his parents.
Although he was admired by his contemporaries primarily as an outstanding harpsichordist, organist, and expert on organ building, Bach is now generally regarded as one of the greatest composers of all time and is celebrated as the creator of the Brandenburg ConcertosThe Well-Tempered Clavierthe Mass in B Minor, and numerous other masterpieces of church and instrumental music.
Appearing at a propitious moment in the history of musicBach was able to survey and bring together the principal styles, forms, and national traditions that had developed during preceding generations and, by virtue of his synthesis, enrich them all.
There were Bachs in the area before then, and it may be that, when Veit moved to Wechmar, he was returning to his birthplace.
He used to take his cittern to the mill and play it while the mill was grinding. However, he learnt to keep time, and this apparently was the beginning of music in our family. Life Early years J. Ambrosius was a string player, employed by the town council and the ducal court of Eisenach.
Johann Sebastian started school in or and did well in spite of frequent absences. Of his musical education at this time, nothing definite is known; however, he may have picked up the rudiments of string playing from his father, and no doubt he attended the Georgenkirche, where Johann Christoph Bach was organist until By both his parents were dead, and he was looked after by his eldest brother, also named Johann Christoph —organist at Ohrdruf.
This Christoph had been a pupil of the influential keyboard composer Johann Pachelbeland he apparently gave Johann Sebastian his first formal keyboard lessons. He seems to have returned to Thuringia in the late summer of By this time he was already a reasonably proficient organist.
The next few months are wrapped in mystery, but by March 4,he was a member of the orchestra employed by Johann Ernst, duke of Weimar and brother of Wilhelm Ernst, whose service Bach entered in This post was a mere stopgap; he probably already had his eye on the organ then being built at the Neue Kirche New Church in Arnstadtfor, when it was finished, he helped to test it, and in August he was appointed organist—all this at age Arnstadt documents imply that he had been court organist at Weimar; this is incredible, though it is likely enough that he had occasionally played there.
The Arnstadt period At Arnstadt, on the northern edge of the Thuringian Forestwhere he remained untilBach devoted himself to keyboard music, the organ in particular. His visit must have been profitable, for he did not return until about the middle of January In February his employers complained about his absence and about other things as well: Perhaps the real reasons for his neglect were that he was temporarily obsessed with the organ and was on bad terms with the local singers and instrumentalists, who were not under his control and did not come up to his standards.
In the summer of he had made some offensive remark about a bassoon player, which led to an unseemly scuffle in the street. His replies to these complaints were neither satisfactory nor even accommodating; and the fact that he was not dismissed out of hand suggests that his employers were as well aware of his exceptional ability as he was himself and were reluctant to lose him.
During these early years, Bach inherited the musical culture of the Thuringian area, a thorough familiarity with the traditional forms and hymns chorales of the orthodox Lutheran service, and, in keyboard music, perhaps through his brother, Johann Christoph a bias toward the formalistic styles of the south.
But he also learned eagerly from the northern rhapsodists, Buxtehude above all. By he had probably learned all that his German predecessors could teach him and arrived at a first synthesis of northern and southern German styles.
He had also studied, on his own and during his presumed excursions to Celle, some French organ and instrumental music. His real reason for resigning on June 25,is not known.Early life Johann Sebastian Bach was born on March 21, , in Eisenach, Germany, the youngest child of Johann Ambrosius Bach, a church organist, and Elizabeth Lämmerhirt Bach.
There were musicians in the Bach family going back seven timberdesignmag.com: Jul 28, Bach also composed a few cantatas for special occasions (birthdays and New Years).
In , Bach was appointed cantor at the St. Thomas Church and School, and Director of Music for Leipzig, positions which he retained for the rest of his career.
Johann Sebastian Bach Biography, Life, Interesting Facts Early life. Johan Sebastian Bach was born on March 31, , in Eisenach, the dutchy of Saxe-Eisenach. Bach came from a musical family since his father was a director of town musicians and several of his other relatives were musicians.
Johann Sebastian Bach was born on March 21st l, the son of Johann Ambrosius, court trumpeter for the Duke of Eisenach and director of the musicians of the town of Eisenach in Thuringia. For many years, members of the Bach family throughout Thuringia had held positions such as organists, town instrumentalists, or Cantors, and the family name enjoyed a wide reputation for musical talent.
Johann Sebastian Bach, one of the legends of the Baroque period, was born on the March 21, in Eisenach, Thuringia, Germany.
Orphaned at the tender age of 10, he inherited music from his father who is said to have taught him the violin and the harpsichord. Start studying Music Mid Term.
Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Search. The group of early Baroque writers, artists, and musicians whose aim was to resurrect the musical drama of ancient Greece was known as: Johann Sebastian Bach lived a short, unhappy life and had no children.